Week 20_Splintering Urbanism

Splintering Urbanism is the book that have been published by the authors Stephen Graham and Simon Marvin in order to inform the public about the impacts that networked infrastructure systems have on the greater urban environment within a contemporary analysis.

Introduce of networked infrastructure systems.
The onset to develop networked infrastructure systems was between 1920-1960 and was introduced by the dwellers of western cities in order to communicate the infrastructures across the city.
Infrastructures are the systems that allow the circulation of power, water, transport and communication and were delivered by public or private business.
Urban infrastructures are important for the development of economic, political and social life in cities.

Splintering Urbanism.
“Splintering Urbanism” examines the consequences of changing technology and privatization on the infrastructure foundations of cities so as to see cities as evolving entities that will have as a result to bring nearby and distant places together.
Infrastructures create a conceptual space in order to examine the shifting boundaries between material and immaterial structures, and the shifting networks between assemblages of human and nonhuman actors.
Graham and Marvin, in their book, are distinguish a number of trends that have helped to the appearance of premium networked spaces . One of the trends is the opening up of monopolies to new forms of competition that had as a result the infrastructures systems to be a substantial vehicle of international capital. Another trend has been the loss of legitimacy which had as a result a growing differentiation of spaces and the acceptance of the city as an archipelago of enclaves. Moreover, the diversification of consumer demand, status and identity was another trend and the last one was the expansion of car depended sprawl which prepared the public to accept splintering infrastructures networks.
What is more is that our connections are improving and distances are shrinking due to technological forces. Airports, seaports, train stations, etc. become strategic in securing a prominent position for the city on a global stage. However, this new market model often favors the provision of infrastructure to select users, leading to increased social distancing of disparate social/racial/economic groups.
Graham and Marvin at the end of the book, despite of some of the disadvantages that were mentioned in the book, offer a positive message and call for new urban imaginaries capable of inspiring more democratic urban politics.

Example:

SMAQ_Riebeckplatz_pers
RIEBECKPLATZ – HALLE, GERMANY

Urban development proposal for the redevelopment of the area of Riebeckplatz in Halle (Saale), Germany.
New buildings frame the Riebeckplatz, and four tower-like “portiers” connect the four quarters around the square visually with each other. A red-blooming carpet made from seed-bombs puts the fly-over in scene and welcomes the incoming.

-1 level is turned into a new programmed public space. It connects the four quarters around Riebeckplatz und is used by pedestrians, cyclists and public transport.

Bridge Day: A Car-Free Sunday Event allows the inhabitants to use the fly-over to cycle, to walk and to skate – and to get a new perspective on the usually car-dominated Riebeckplatz.

References:
http://www.smaq.net/2014/07/leitbild-riebeckplatz-halle-saale/?lang=en
http://www.deconcrete.org/2010/03/29/reclaim-luxury-refuges/
http://en.forumviesmobiles.org/publication/2013/08/29/book-review-1136
http://www.culanth.org/curated_collections/11-infrastructure
http://cms.mildredwarner.org/summaries/grahammarvin2001

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Week 20_Splintering Urbanism

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